Kansas Highway Patrol

History of the Highway Patrol

The Kansas Highway Patrol started in 1933 as a force of ten motor vehicle inspectors who were tasked with combating the widespread crime sprees of the 20’s and 30’s. In 1937, the legislature officially organized the Kansas Highway Patrol as an actual road police force, comprising of a Superintendent, Asst. Superintendent, and 45 troopers hired to ” reduce crashes by enforcing traffic, vehicle, and license laws. At that time they had a fleet of four motorcycles, and thirty-one automobiles with silver tops, and black bodies.

In the 1950’s, the Patrol began to police the Kansas Turnpike, a 236 mile long toll freeway, for the Kansas Turnpike Authority, and in the 1960’s, each trooper was assigned his own patrol car, whereas before they normally traveled in pairs. They also received access to the Law Enforcement Teletype System and the National Crime Information Center, thus improving communication.

In 1976 the Highway Patrol gained authority over the Capital Area Security Patrol, also known as the Capital Police, and in 1988 authority over Motor Carrier Inspectors passed from the Department of Revenue to the Highway Patrol as well.



“The Kansas Highway Patrol is devoted to improving quality of life through spirited and dedicated service. We pledge to be responsive to concerns of citizens and public safety partners. We will do this by providing professional law enforcement services and share resources in the most effective and efficient manner possible.

We believe in treating all persons with courtesy and respect. The preservation of individual dignity and constitutional rights is paramount in performing our duties. Protecting the rights of co-workers and providing a safe, secure working environment are of equal importance.

We are committed to providing protection of life and property through active enforcement of traffic, criminal, and other laws of the State of Kansas, and by supporting homeland security initiatives. We recognize our responsibility to uphold and enforce this authority in a competent, fair, and honest manner.”


“Consistent with the Patrol’s mission and principal function, we will strive to attain the following goals:

  • To reduce the number and severity of traffic crashes through the enforcement of impaired driving and occupant protection laws.
  • The Patrol will promote the use of child restraints and safety belts through aggressive enforcement and educational programs.
  • The Patrol will deter motorists from driving impaired and will arrest impaired drivers through proven DUI countermeasures, such as selective enforcement efforts and sobriety check lanes.
  • To vigorously pursue, apprehend, and prosecute those who utilize Kansas highways for criminal activities.
  • To improve the quality of our service and enforcement activities by developing programs and incorporating technologies that enhance public safety.
  • To enhance public relations through local community involvement in schools, civic organizations, and businesses.”


Information provided by the Kansas Highway Patrol’s website http://www.kansashighwaypatrol.org/

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